Building Yinchuan to achieve leapfrog development

2022-08-14
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Building a "big Yinchuan" to achieve leapfrog development

urbanization is an important symbol of modernization and a breakthrough in implementing the western development and accelerating the development of Ningxia. The Ninth Party Congress of the autonomous region proposed to "implement the central city driving strategy and build Yinchuan into a modern regional central city". At the same time, Yinchuan was required to "accelerate development, strive to enhance strength, expand urban scale, improve infrastructure, engage in greening and beautification, strengthen service functions and improve taste". We should conscientiously study, deeply understand, resolutely implement the spirit of the Ninth Party Congress of the autonomous region, unify our ideological understanding with the requirements of the Party committee of the autonomous region, condense the strength of all aspects into the work of building a big Yinchuan, pay close attention to the implementation, work pragmatically and hard, and achieve a new change in one year, a new level in three years, and a great development in five years

first, unify the understanding of building Yinchuan and enhance the confidence of great development

at present, focusing on building Yinchuan into a modern regional central city, we should unify the understanding of four aspects:

first, unify the understanding that cities are resources. City is the product of economic development and the agglomeration of population and economic factors of a certain scale, but the economic and social energy contained in it can in turn become the driving force of economic growth. Generally speaking, the economy of regions with a high degree of urbanization is developed, and the economy of regions with a low degree of urbanization is backward. This conforms to the law of increasing returns to scale, that is, under a certain scale, the output increase multiple must be greater than the input increase multiple. In the 180 years from 1800 to 1980, the world population increased by 3.5 times, while the urban population increased by 35 times. The urbanization level rose from 5.1% to 40%, and the developed countries have reached 75%. At present, the main cities in the world regard every customer as our closest friend or family member, creating more than 97% of social wealth with 2% of the land area. At present, more than 600 cities in China have created 68.6% of GDP with an area of 0.43%. It is estimated that for every one percentage point increase in the urbanization level of a medium-sized city in China, about 100000 rural surplus labor forces will be transferred, and the investment in infrastructure alone will reach 2billion yuan. At present, all parts of the country are setting off a new round of urbanization upsurge, which is profound and irreversible

cities are also the most important and valuable assets, which can not only be operated, but also increase in value. Cities are not only the basic carrier for the survival and development of various economic entities, but also an important embodiment of urban competitiveness. Its environmental benefits, brand benefits and economic benefits can be transformed into important factors to promote urban development. A dirty and disorderly city means that the city is depreciating; A city with a beautiful environment can attract a large number of funds and talents, the city will naturally increase in value, and the environmental advantages will be transformed into economic advantages

second, unify the understanding of the radiation and driving role of regional central cities. The central city is the gathering place and radiation source of advanced productive forces and the leader of regional economic development. The practice of economic development in various regions at home and abroad shows that regional central cities play an important role in driving, aggregating, diffusing and radiating the economic development of a country or region. From the perspective of development pole, all regions in a region do not grow at the same rate, but tend to develop fastest at a certain point or points. These fastest-growing points have become the growth poles that drive the development of other parts. They play a dominant role in the whole region, and this growth pole is mainly concentrated in regional central cities. At the beginning of China's reform and opening-up, Shenzhen, Zhuhai and other special zones were selected to successfully shape a number of development poles and growth centers, forming a southern economic circle with Guangzhou and Shenzhen as the main body and relying on the Pearl River Delta region, which also provides strong technical support for the quality supervision of pharmaceutical packaging materials in the future; Bohai Bay Economic Circle with Beijing, Tianjin, Shenyang and Dalian as the main bodies and relying on Liaoning and Shandong Peninsula; The Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration dominated by Shanghai, relying on the East China economic circle of the Yangtze River Delta, has driven the rapid growth of the eastern region. The gap between the East and the west is also reflected in the urban economy. The GDP created by cities in the East accounts for 62.1% of the national cities, while the GDP created by cities in the West accounts for only 11.4% of the national cities. There are 45 cities with a GDP of more than 20billion yuan in China, only 7 in the west, and five regional central cities with a GDP of more than 100billion yuan are Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Tianjin, etc., all of which are not related to the West. This fully shows that the key to the lagging development of the West lies in the lack of factor aggregation points to drive economic growth and the lack of corresponding development poles. Therefore, regional central cities play a key role in the western development

third, unify the understanding of building a big Yinchuan. The construction of "big Yinchuan" is to build Yinchuan into a modern regional central city, to break the shackles of the old concepts of central, district and municipal ownership on productivity, to expand and strengthen the regional planning, urban scale and economic scale of Yinchuan, and to give full play to the radiation and driving role of Yinchuan in the regional central cities in the adjacent areas of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia. General Secretary Jiang pointed out: "The western region has a vast territory, and it is impossible to fully develop it. We should choose some areas with good economic foundation, dense population, and along the transportation trunk lines and urban hubs as key areas for development. We should connect points with lines, point to area, and rely on the Eurasian Continental Bridge, the golden waterway of the Yangtze River and the southwest sea passage to promote the formation of the West Longhai economic belt, the upper reaches of the Yangtze River economic belt and the Kunming Guiyang South economic belt on these transportation trunk lines Focus on developing a number of central cities to drive the development of surrounding areas. " According to the instructions of General Secretary Jiang, Yinchuan has been identified by the state as a key development city in the West Longhai economic belt of the Eurasian Continental Bridge. Yinchuan is the capital of the autonomous region, the political, economic and cultural information center of the region, the "leader" of the region's economic and social development, and the "window" of opening to the outside world. At the same time, it is also a regional central city within the range of 100000 square kilometers and 10million people in the surrounding areas of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia. Compared with the surrounding areas, the climate conditions are better, the available resources, especially water and energy, are rich, and the development potential and urban development space are large. In particular, the construction since the reform and opening up has laid the foundation for further accelerating development. It should be said that Yinchuan has entered the best development period in history. We should seize the opportunity, accelerate development, expand the city scale, and enhance economic strength. It is completely achievable for the urban population to reach 1million people in 10 years

fourth, unify the understanding of building new areas. Not long ago, we organized the Yinchuan municipal Party and government delegation to several cities in Shandong and Dalian in Liaoning Province to investigate and study. After broadening our horizons and clarifying our ideas, we decided to further expand the scale and improve the grade of the new area, and build the new area into a modern urban center. In the near future, the new area is considered to be south to Xinxia Road (formerly Yinxin South Road), north to Haize Road (formerly North Second Ring Road), east to tanglaiqu, West to Mancheng street, including new block, forest park and Tanglai park. In this regard, other cities in China have many successful experiences for us to learn from, that is, to protect and develop the old city while developing the new area. For example, Pudong, Nanjing, Guangzhou, Qingdao, Yantai, Rongcheng and other cities in Shanghai have all successfully expanded the scale of urban construction by building new areas. Now we must pay close attention to the preparation of the new area plan. The planning of the new area shall be subject to bidding at home and abroad. In order to do a good job in the development and construction of the new area, the municipal Party committee, the municipal government and other organs will take the lead to move the office space into the new area first, and drive the development and construction of the new area with the relocation of the administrative center

second, concentrate on the active battle of building Yinchuan

at present, the urban construction and economic development of Yinchuan city should "focus on one goal, highlight three priorities, and implement four series of projects"

(I) centering on one goal

is the development goal of building Yinchuan into a modern regional central city in accordance with the requirements of the Autonomous Region Party committee and government. The general idea of the work is: under the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and Jiang Zemin's important thought of "Three Represents", with accelerating development as the theme, structural adjustment as the main line, reform and opening up and scientific and technological innovation as the driving force, vigorously improve the primary industry, highlight and strengthen the secondary industry, constantly expand the tertiary industry, accelerate marketization and industrialization, and jointly design and develop new energy all aluminum pure electric vehicles, urbanization In the process of informatization and internationalization, we will strive for a new change in Yinchuan's economic and social undertakings in one year, a new level in three years, and a great development in five years, and strive to build Yinchuan into a prosperous, rich, civilized and beautiful modern regional central city

(II) highlight three key points

first, take planning as the leader, take land management as the breakthrough, and accelerate the pace of urban construction

urban construction should focus on the protection and construction of ecological garden style historical and cultural cities, take the opening up of modern new areas as the breakthrough, and adhere to the guiding ideology of "high starting point planning, high-quality construction, high-level management, high-efficiency management" and "highlighting local national characteristics, highlighting greening and beautification", Implement the "sustainable development strategy", put people first, integrate heaven and man, and live in harmony with nature, so as to realize the idea of "city in garden, garden in city, city in Lake, Lake in city, city in forest, forest in city"

urban planning is also productivity, and scientific urban planning is the premise and basic basis for the healthy development of cities. In line with the principle of being responsible for history, the people and future generations, planning should be moderately ahead of schedule and have a long-term vision. We should neither be divorced from the realistic foundation, nor be confined to history and accommodate the current situation. At present, three things should be done well in planning. (1) According to the requirements of the Party committee of the autonomous region, on the basis of the urban master plan approved by the State Council, revise the urban master plan and start the urban conceptual planning as soon as possible. (2) Set up a high-level planning and decision-making research leading group in Yinchuan to be fully responsible for the approval and implementation of the plan, and the planning approval power should be highly centralized. In the process of planning implementation, we should "plan a map, approve a pen, and play a game of chess in the city." Act in strict accordance with the urban planning law. Only construction is allowed to obey planning, and planning is not allowed to accommodate construction. (3) Accelerate the preparation of the construction plan of the new area. The authority of planning depends on the planning relying on authority. We should introduce modern design concepts and invite public tenders to first-class institutions at home and abroad to maximize the high starting point and scientific rationality of the plan

we should take land management as a breakthrough, constantly broaden the way of managing cities, and strive to revitalize urban resources. Land is the most valuable asset of a city and the largest source of accumulated urban construction funds. We should take urban land as the main carrier of managing cities, make urban land market-oriented, conserve the value of urban land, and make money from land, and walk out of a virtuous cycle of "land resources → land capital → monetary capital → higher-level land capital → greater monetary capital". To improve the land reserve system, the government should monopolize the primary land market and be determined to borrow money

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