From the perspective of the two sessions, where is

2022-09-22
  • Detail

Perspective of the two sessions: where is the next vent in the car circle

the two sessions held every March have become the focus of national attention, and the voices of the representatives and members of the two sessions also involve the development of all walks of life. As a powerful engine to promote the economy, automobile plays an important role in people's livelihood, and it is also one of the most mentioned keywords in the proposals of the two sessions of the NPC and CPPCC every year. The fifth session of the 12th CPPCC National Committee and the fifth session of the 12th National People's Congress were held in Beijing on March 3 and 5, respectively. As early as before the opening of the two sessions, many proposals have been exposed by the media. Among them, the proposals on cars and transportation are not less popular. Nandu found that these proposals mainly focus on three aspects: new energy, intelligence and transportation

keyword 1 new energy

encourage the development of methanol vehicles and solar vehicles

break the local protection of new energy vehicles

the Chinese government put forward the concept of new energy vehicles in 2009, including pure electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles and fuel cell vehicles. With the rapid development of cutting-edge materials such as graphene, 3D printing and superconductivity, only these three types of vehicles enjoy government subsidies at present

new energy is the hottest keyword in the automotive industry in recent years. In 2016, new energy vehicles delivered a perfect report card with a sales volume of 500000 vehicles and a year-on-year increase of 53%. However, since 2017, the national subsidy for new energy vehicles has been reduced by 20%. In January 2017, only 5423 new energy vehicles with more battery cells were sold nationwide, a year-on-year decrease of 61% and a month on month decrease of 87%. This has also brought some uncertainty to the new energy vehicle market in 2017

suggestions of the two sessions

many members and representatives of the two sessions mentioned new energy vehicles in their proposals this year, among which Li Shufu, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and chairman of Zhejiang Geely Holding Group, was the most concerned and affected, and his proposal to "accelerate the promotion of the development of methanol vehicles"

as early as 2009, Li Shufu submitted a proposal on the introduction of national standards for methanol vehicles as soon as possible at the two sessions of that year. This year, Li Shufu suggested to promote the market-oriented operation of methanol vehicles in the country as soon as possible. In addition, Li Shufu also suggested that methanol should be included in the transportation fuel system as a strategic alternative energy, and science popularization should be done well to lay the foundation for the development of methanol vehicles from both supply and demand

similar to Li Shufu's suggestion, Li Hejun, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and chairman of the board of directors of hanergy Holdings Group, proposed to encourage and support the R & D and application of solar cars. He 3 There are three suggestions for the contact between the toothed bar pressing plate and the toothed bar: first, encourage the power of new energy vehicles to be cleaner and formulate relevant policies; The second is to establish the direction of solar cars and clarify solar cars as a kind of new energy vehicles; Third, it is included in the management of new energy vehicle industry, and special support is given to solar vehicle manufacturing projects through the advanced manufacturing industry investment fund

Wang Fengying, deputy to the National People's Congress and President of Great Wall Motors Co., Ltd., suggested that the state should break the local protection of new energy vehicles, revise and improve the policies, regulations and technical standards of new energy vehicles, and accelerate the development of vehicle electrification

Xu Heyi, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of BAIC group, who proposed that "supply side reform is to do a good job of 'addition, subtraction, multiplication and division'", also gave some suggestions in the field of new energy vehicles. For "addition, subtraction, multiplication and division", Xu Heyi's specific elaboration is that addition is to vigorously develop new energy vehicles, cultivate new growth poles, and grasp the high-end links of the industry; Subtraction is to reduce the production capacity of products with insufficient demand and realize the survival of the fittest; Multiplication is to make good use of the two engines of scientific and technological innovation and capital operation, give play to the multiplication effect, and promote BAIC to become better and bigger; Division is to eliminate the adverse factors that hinder industrial development and improve the overall labor productivity and return on capital of enterprises

keyword 2 intellectualization

prudently open up map accurate mapping

reduce technical barriers to autonomous driving

intellectualization and new energy are regarded as two important directions for the development of the future automotive industry. In the "energy saving and new energy vehicle technology roadmap", the Chinese government also takes smart United Automobile as one of the main directions for technological breakthroughs in China's automotive industry

in recent years, more than 90% of the innovations in the automotive industry are related to automotive intelligence. At present, Internet companies such as Baidu, Google and apple mainly develop driverless technology, while traditional car companies such as Nissan and Ford mainly develop autonomous driving technology

last October, the first technical standard in the field of driverless driving in China was issued. The road map of driverless technology points out that it is necessary to reach a consensus on the intelligent United vehicle technology as soon as possible, and at the same time, it has formulated the goals to be achieved in the three five-year stages of the exhibition of solutions to the problems of driverless vehicle hydraulic universal testing machine. The technical standard mentioned that we should strive to make highly or fully autonomous vehicle available from 2021 to 2025; In addition, from 2026 to 2030, each vehicle will be equipped with driverless or assisted driving systems. At present, China's legislative policies on autonomous driving are still relatively lagging behind, and various supporting measures still need to be improved

suggestions for the two sessions

at the two sessions, Li Shufu, member of the CPPCC National Committee and chairman of Zhejiang Geely Holding Group, not only suggested the promotion of methanol vehicles, but also brought proposals on the development of autonomous driving technology

at the national two sessions last year, Li Shufu also mentioned automatic driving. At that time, he mainly focused on the legislation of automatic driving. At the two sessions this year, Li Shufu stressed that there is no doubt that autonomous driving is an important development direction of the world's automotive industry in the future. All countries are accelerating the development of autonomous driving. In this context, accelerating the development of the field of autonomous driving is an urgent matter. He believed that in view of the current domestic situation, the relevant departments should "prudently open the qualification of map surveying and mapping to enterprises engaged in the development of autonomous driving technology in advance and conditionally, and conduct effective supervision, and study how to eliminate the deflection requirements for autonomous driving technology and reduce unnecessary technical barriers in the development of advanced technology", At the same time, "promote the legal norms related to the confidential processing technology and public use of self driving maps, strengthen the public service attribute of geographic information while ensuring national information security, and promote the orderly opening of geographic information resources to the society"

keyword 3 transportation travel

appropriately reduce the entry threshold for car hailing

guide shared bicycles with supply side reform

as China has become the world's largest automobile consumption market, the demand for environmental protection and green transportation has prompted the government to re-examine traffic problems and give birth to new transportation travel solutions

under the influence of the concept of sharing economy, car hailing, bike sharing and car sharing came into being. As a new business in the field of transportation, it has brought earth shaking changes to people's travel modes. The Ministry of transport has issued documents to recognize the legal status of car Hailing. However, the subsequent local rules impose strict restrictions on registered residence, license plates, vehicles, etc. As another representative of shared travel, shared bicycles have greatly facilitated people's transportation, but the resulting problem of public roads being occupied has also attracted the attention of urban managers and experts

suggestions for the two sessions

Shi Jie, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and a lawyer of Sichuan Dingli law firm, believes that the subdivision requirements of car Hailing access standards on vehicle displacement, wheelbase, as well as the educational background and registered residence of car Hailing practitioners greatly restrict the vitality of car Hailing development. It is suggested that the government simplify administration and delegate power, and cultivate the car Hailing market with a more positive and tolerant attitude. Shi Jie said that vehicle safety and the technical and moral safety of car Hailing employees are two safety issues that the government should pay attention to in standardizing car Hailing management. The government should innovate industry management, optimize the supervision mode, build a platform audit mode, and create a good development environment for "interconnection + transportation"

Fu Jun, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and chairman and President of the new Hualian Group, focused on "sharing bicycles". He believes that the recently developed shared bicycle business model has not only changed the traditional business model, but also solved the problem of difficult travel for the masses. However, shared bicycles lack government guidance and supervision. It is urgent to take the supply side structural reform as the guidance to form a good environment suitable for the development of their business model in the links of enterprise business model and government supervision

Robin Lee, member of the CPPCC National Committee, chairman and CEO of Baidu, put forward suggestions on traffic congestion. He believes that using AI technology to effectively promote the construction of intelligent traffic signal system can alleviate the problem of traffic congestion, including: Using AI image recognition, image segmentation and other technologies to improve the traffic flow data collection capacity; Strengthen the algorithm research of intelligent traffic signal timing scheme; It is suggested to carry out the application demonstration project of intelligent traffic lights in areas where conditions permit

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI